The project is organised around five programmes and will directly target five – and indirectly, two – of the nine focus points of the TSF. Overarching objectives for the proposed activities are defined for each programme and projected outcomes for each action within them.
Programme 1, ‘Wetlands,Waterbirds & Climate Change’, will address three focus points of the TSF 1 through activities that will increase knowledge of the effects of climate change and help to strengthen Prespa’s resilience through biodiversity monitoring, restoration and management activities in the face of changing environmental circumstances at a transboundary level.
Having in mind the recent minimum water level of Great Prespa Lake that is causing rapid changes in the dynamics of habitats and species, the programme’s activities will target important affected wetland areas and biodiversity. In addition, data will be gathered in order to produce the first assessment of the lake’s vulnerability to climate change. The SPP recently facilitated a similar assessment on Lesser Prespa Lake and they will take the lead in facilitating the process for Great Prespa Lake; both will contribute to informed decision making at a transboundary level, countering populist short-term actions gaining traction through a lack of scientific information. Species conservation is a big part of
1 Water and wetlands , Pelicans and other waterbirds  and Landscapes 
and also takes a central role in Programmes 3 and 4. Namely, Programme 3, ‘Species Conservation’, will see the monitoring and conservation of large carnivores, bats and other charismatic and conservation priority species 2 , while Programme 4, ‘Freshwater Island Conservation’, proposes research-driven monitoring of waterbirds and an ambitious applied conservation project that will bring a critically endangered population back from the brink of extinction 3. Both programmes will have an intense capacity-building function for three protected areas (PAs) in Albania and North Macedonia.
Importantly, Programme 4 will use the unique island ecosystems in both countries in order to stress the necessity of standardised trans-institutional and -boundary conservation and bring representatives together in joint transboundary activities. Programme 2, ‘Environmental Education and Outreach’, will deepen local stakeholder involvement by touching on almost every activity within programmes 1, 3 and 4. PrespaNet will continue harmonising the environmental information that circulates, informs and educates basin-wide; furthermore, the network will build on modest existing citizen science movements and further its role as a catalyst for new and locally trained ecological and conservation expertise. Environmental awareness raising in the local population is crucial for the sustainability of most aspects of the project, and PrespaNet will use its ever-growing network of followers to communicate our work.
Most importantly, our extremely positive example of transboundary NGO co-operation will take centre stage in our outreach, in hopes of eventually transposing it onto much-needed inter-governmental collaboration. Finally, as per the current project, Programme 5 “Local office management and transboundary co-ordination’ forms a basis for every activity in the proposal and will ensure streamlined execution via constant co-ordination between the local officers, with the wider organisational structures of the partners, and with regional stakeholders. The current project facilitated an intense exchange of experience between the
partner organisations offering organisational growth to all. However, as only recent permanent additions to Prespa (through the local offices), MES and PPNEA particularly benefited from the SPP’s partnership; a champion in biodiversity conservation, with a long-term presence in the region. The current proposal has a wider scope, but does not deviate from the goals set forth in the TSF; a second investment will grant PrespaNet support to confirm itself as an important actor in transboundary conservation and fully consolidate MES and PPNEA’s presence in Prespa with the SPP’s support in the key points of intervention. This will result in balanced environmental-NGO capacities between countries, prepared to tackle complicated conservation challenges that require seamless transboundary co-ordination (e.g. facilitate timely adaptation of biodiversity and human communities to the effects of climate change).
The project activities will be carried out by the three PrespaNet partner organisations, under the facilitation and guidance of their Strategic Platform partner EuroNatur.
The roleof EuroNatur focusses on facilitating the network, offering guidance as needed and on administrating the grant. EuroNatur will participate in steering group meetings and provide technical input during the entire course of the project. The PrespaNet partners will send their financial and narrative reports to EuroNatur, who will keep the Aage V. Jensen Charity Foundation updated and submit all necessary reports to the foundation. Furthermore, EuroNatur will help to amplify the public outreach, especially at an international level.
PROJECT STRUCTURE AND ACTIONS
Programme One: Wetlands, waterbirds & climate change
P1/TB1: Towards a climate change resilient Prespa – MES/PPNEA/SPP
P1/TB2: Alder forest restoration – MES/PPNEA/SPP
P1/TB3: Waterbirds in a changing climate – MES/PPNEA/SPP
P1/TB4: Wet meadow management – MES/SPP
P1/MKD1: Establishing floating platforms for safe breeding of terns – MES
P1/AL1: White stork platform establishment – PPNEA
P1/AL2: Wetland habitat management – PPNEA
Programme Two: Environmental education & outreach
P2/TB1: Environmental education – MES/PPNEA/SPP
P2/TB2: Prespa field laboratory – MES/PPNEA/SPP
P2/TB3: PrespaNet communications – MES/PPNEA/SPP
Programme Three: Species conservation
P3/TB1: Brown bear conservation – MES/PPNEA
P3/TB2: Bat monitoring – MES/PPNEA
P3/MKD1: Roe deer density estimation – MES
P3/AL1: Research & monitoring of chamois – PPNEA
P3/AL2: Inventory of breeding birds – PPNEA
P3/AL3: Bird Banding – PPNEA
P3/AL4: Otter research & monitoring – PPNEA
Programme Four: Freshwater island conservation
P4/TB1: Islands bridging institutional and political frontiers – MES/PPNEA
P4/MKD1: Reversing a tortoise extinction vortex – MES
P4/MKD2: Cormorant diet research – MES
Programme Five: Transboundary collaboration, local office management &project
P5/TB1: Transboundary collaboration – MES/PPNEA/SPP
P5/TB2: Project facilitation & international public outreach – EuroNatur
P5/MKD1: Local office management – MES
P5/AL1: Local office management – PPNEA
P5/GR1: Project management – SPP